The worst maritime disaster in Australian history
On 1 July 1942 the Montevideo Maru, carrying more than 1000 prisoners of
the Japanese forces, most of them Australian, was sunk by an Allied submarine.
The prisoners had been captured in January 1942 by Japanese forces in Rabaul on
New Britain, in the former Australian territory of New Guinea, and they were being
transferred to Hainan, off southern China.
The Montevideo Maru was torpedoed off Luzon by the USS Sturgeon,
unaware that it was carrying Allied prisoners. All the prisoners on board died.
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